1992 - Quit India Movement - UNC Set

This Post gives the details of the UNC Set. For Proof set refer to Previous Post

To mark the 50 years of Quit India Movement that played a vital role in India's Independence, a VIP Set, 3 Proof set and 5 UNC Sets were released.

The details are;

The Quit India Movement, or the August Movement (August Kranti) was a civil disobedience movement launched in India in August 1942 in response to Mohandas Gandhi's call for immediate independence. Gandhi hoped to bring the British government to the negotiating table. Almost the entire Indian National Congress leadership, and not just at the national level, was put into confinement less than twenty-four hours after Gandhi's speech, and the greater number of the Congress leaders were to spend the rest of World War II in jail.
By 1942, Indians were divided over World War II, as the British Governor-General of India, Lord Linlithgow, had unilaterally and without consultation brought India into the war. Some wanted to support the British in their Battle of Britain, hoping for eventual independence through this support. Others were enraged by the British disregard for Indian intelligence and civil rights, and were unsympathetic to the travails of Britons in the United Kingdom.
At the outbreak of war, the Congress Party had passed a resolution during the Wardha meeting of the working-committee in September 1939, conditionally supporting the fight against fascism, but were rebuffed when they asked for independence in return. Gandhi had not supported this initiative, as he could not reconcile an endorsement for war (he was a committed believer in non-violent resistance to tyranny, used in the Indian Independence Movement and proposed even against Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Hideki Tojo). However, at the height of the Battle of Britain, Gandhi had stated his support for the fight against racism and of the British war effort, stating he did not seek to raise a free India from the ashes of Britain. However, opinions remained divided.
After the onset of the war, only a group led by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose took any decisive action. Bose organized the Indian National Army with the help of the Japanese, and, soliciting help from the Axis Powers, conducted a guerrilla war against the British authorities.
On July 14, 1942, the Indian National Congress passed a resolution demanding complete independence from the British government. The draft proposed that if the British did not accede to the demands, massive civil disobedience would be launched.
However, it proved to be controversial within the party. A prominent Congress national leader Chakravarti Rajgopalachari quit the Congress over this decision, and so did some local and regional level organizers. Jawaharlal Nehru and Maulana Azad were apprehensive and critical of the call, but backed it and stuck with Gandhi's leadership till the end. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel,Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Dr Anugrah Narayan Sinha were openly and enthusiastically in favor of such a disobedience movement, as were many veteran Gandhians and socialists like Asoka Mehta and Jayaprakash Narayan.
The Congress had lesser success in rallying other political forces under a single flag and mast. Smaller parties like the Communist Party of India and the Hindu Mahasabha opposed the call. Muhammad Ali Jinnah's opposition to the call led to large numbers of Muslims cooperating with the British, and the Muslim League obtaining power in the Imperial provincial governments.
On August 8, 1942 the Quit India Resolution was passed at the Bombay session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC). In a speech at Gowalia Tank, Bombay, Gandhi told Indians to follow non-violent civil disobedience. He told the masses to act as an independent nation. His call found support among a large number of Indians.

Martyr's Memorial Patna

The Martyr's Memorial is a life-size statue of seven brave young men who sacrificed their lives in theQuit India movement, to hoist the national flag on the (now) Secretariat building. The sculptor Mr. Deviprasad Roychoudhry built the bronze statue of the seven students with the national flag. These statues were cast in Italy and later placed here.
Martyr's Memorial is situated outside the Secretariat building in Patna.

List engraved names on Martyr's Memorial
Following are the martyrs, whose names are engraved on Martyr's Memorial.
·         Umakant Prasad Sinha(Raman Ji) - Ram Mohan Roy Seminary,class IX, Narendrapur, Saran
·         Ramanand Singh - Ram Mohan Roy Seminary, class IX, Sahadat Nagar (at present Dhanarua), Patna
·         Satish Prasad Jha - Patna Collegiate School, class X, Khadahara, Bhagalpur
·         Jagatpati Kumar - Bihar National College, 2nd year, Kharati, Aurangabad
·         Devipada Choudhry - Miller High English School, class IX, Silhat, Jamalpur
·         Rajendra Singh - Patna High English School, matric class, Banwari Chak, Saran
·         Ramgovind Singh - Punpun High English School, matric class IX, Dasharatha, Patna

VIP Set & Proof Set: All 4 Coins of Rs 100, Rs 50, Rs 10 and Rs 1
Refer to the Previous Post

UNC Set1: All Coins of Rs 100, Rs 50, Rs 10 and Rs 1

UNC Set 2: Coins of Rs 100 and Rs 50 

UNC Set 3: Single Coin of Rs 100

UNC Set 4: Single Coin of Rs 50

UNC Set 5: Single Coin of Rs 10

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